Bipolar disorder: an update

  • Kim Outhoff University of Pretoria
Keywords: Bipolar disorder, diagnosis, evidence-based pharmacotherapy


Bipolar disorder, characterised by alternating discrete episodes of (hypo)mania and depression, provides unique diagnostic and treatment challenges. Updated diagnostic (DSM-5) and current pharmacological treatment recommendations are briefly reviewed here.

Author Biography

Kim Outhoff, University of Pretoria
MBChB, MFPM (UK) Senior Lecturer Department of Pharmacology University of Pretoria
Review Articles