Review Articles

Chapter 10: Glucose control: insulin therapy

The Society for Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa
South African Family Practice | Vol 60, No 2 : March/April| a4847 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/safp.v60i2.4847 | © 2019 | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 March 2018 | Published: 07 June 2018

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The Society for Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa, Medpharm Publications, South Africa

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Abstract

Insulin and its analogues lower blood glucose by stimulating peripheral glucose uptake, especially by skeletal muscle and fat, and by inhibiting hepatic glucose production. Insulin inhibits lipolysis and proteolysis, and enhances protein synthesis.

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