Original Research

Using community-based participatory research in improving the management of hypertension in communities: A scoping review

Pugie T. Chimberengwa, Mergan Naidoo
South African Family Practice | Vol 62, No 1 : Part 2| a5039 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/safp.v62i1.5039 | © 2020 Pugie T. Chimberengwa, Mergan Naidoo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 November 2019 | Published: 16 July 2020

About the author(s)

Pugie T. Chimberengwa, Discipline of Public Health Medicine, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, Zimbabwe
Mergan Naidoo, Discipline of Family Medicine, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Hypertension (HT) is a key contributor to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The improved management of HT in the community and primary care settings should be a priority for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Improving the prevention and management of HT in primary care settings should also be a priority for developing countries. There is a need for more studies using community-based approaches that show the impact of these programmes on HT outcomes, which may motivate policymakers to invest in such approaches. The ward-based outreach team or village healthcare worker models were meant to provide such approaches, but many of these have become lower levels of curative care. We conducted a scoping review to examine how community-based participatory research (CBPR) was being used to improve HT management.

Methods: Several electronic databases were searched, namely PubMed, MEDLINE, Google Scholar and Web of Science, generating 798 references. The publications were screened through several rounds. Data were extracted and imported into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet, numerically summarised and qualitatively analysed.

Results: Nine articles were included. These publications originated from the United States, Colombia, Canada, China, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Mixed methods, qualitative, randomised control trials and quasi-experimental studies were used to implement CBPR in the studies included. All the studies addressed complex health problems and inequities among the minorities utilising multiple stakeholder participation. Academic–community coalitions were formed, which enabled engagement and sharing of power equitably. As a result, there was acceptability and sustainability of interventions.

Conclusion: A CBPR framework can be used to define the context, group dynamics, implementation and outcomes of HT. It is possible to apply CBPR in HT management to appropriately address health disparities while emphasising a community-driven approach. To achieve this, tailored health education platforms should be developed and implemented.


Keywords

Hypertension; community-based participatory research; prevention and control; participatory action research; health and social care

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