Original Research

The determinants of contraception use amongst female patients attending Odi District Hospital, Gauteng province, South Africa

Shango N. Olowa, Indiran Govender, Christian Saidiya
South African Family Practice | Vol 62, No 1 : Part 2| a5043 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/safp.v62i1.5043 | © 2020 Shango N. Olowa, Indiran Govender, Christian Saidiya | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 November 2019 | Published: 25 August 2020

About the author(s)

Shango N. Olowa, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Sefako Makgatho University, Pretoria, South Africa
Indiran Govender, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Christian Saidiya, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Sefako Makgatho University, Pretoria


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Abstract

Background: Empowering women to have a full control over the size of their family is not only an issue of human rights but also a sustainable development goal.1 This study sought to determine the factors influencing the use of contraception amongst female patients aged 18–49 years attending Odi District Hospital, Tshwane district.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out from September 2018 to February 2019 at Odi District Hospital. A representative sample size of 400 female patients was recruited by systematic random sampling. Logistic regression model was used to determine the most influential predictors.

Results: The mean age in the studied population was 30.65 (±7.57) years. Contraceptive prevalence was estimated to be 55.3%. Dual protection (condom) was used as additional method by up to 72.3% of respondents. Injectables remained the most used contraceptive method, while more permanent methods, such as Bilateral Tubal Ligation (BTL), were less utilised. The source of family planning information, past exposure to contraceptive methods and woman’s number of living children (parity) determined the use of contraception amongst Odi district females.

Conclusion: This study revealed a discrepancy within the maternal health delivery system regarding the supply and demand chain prompting the need for more insights. The results suggest evidence-based reengineering programme that incorporates contraceptive uptake determinants into the maternal health delivery system.


Keywords

determinants; contraception; female patients; women; family planning; Odi District Hospital; South Africa

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