Original Research

Circumcised men’s perceptions, understanding and experiences of voluntary medical male circumcision in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Celenkosini T. Nxumalo, Gugu G. Mchunu
South African Family Practice | Vol 62, No 1 : Part 2| a5083 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/safp.v62i1.5083 | © 2020 Celenkosini T. Nxumalo, Gugu G. Mchunu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 December 2019 | Published: 19 May 2020

About the author(s)

Celenkosini T. Nxumalo, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Gugu G. Mchunu, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Background: KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, has rolled out voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in response to recommendations that regions with a high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence adopt VMMC as an additional HIV prevention strategy. There is a paucity of South African data on the motivators, barriers and experiences of adult male candidates regarding VMMC. This study was conducted to analyse circumcised men’s perceptions, understanding and experiences of VMMC in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Methods: A qualitative phenomenographic design was used. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Biomedical Research Ethics Committee of the University of KwaZulu-Natal (BE 627/18). Data were collected from 12 circumcised male candidates. Individual interviews were conducted and recorded by using an audiotape. Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed manually.

Results: Participants’ perceptions regarding VMMC are health related and appear to be the motivators for the uptake of medical circumcision. Circumcised men in this study appeared to misunderstand VMMC in terms of healing and performance time and the nature of the procedure. Negative experiences in terms of quality of care received were reported.

Conclusion: The study findings imply that practice interventions to promote demand generation for VMMC in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, should incorporate the perceptions and experiences of male candidates regarding the procedure. Tailored messaging to address misunderstanding related to the nature of VMMC should also be provided. Regular in-service training on standardised VMMC implementation practices should be provided to ensure the delivery of optimum quality VMMC services.


Keywords

voluntary medical male circumcision; barriers; motivators; circumcised male candidates; experiences; perceptions; HIV prevention; uptake

Metrics

Total abstract views: 661
Total article views: 350


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.