Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia in primary care, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Keywords: Lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia, quality of life, International Prostate Symptom Score, prevalence, primary care.
AbstractObjectives: The study objectives were to determine the pattern of presentation of Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in the respondents, the prevalence of LUTS suggestive of BPH, and respondents’ quality of life. Design: A prospective cross-sectional study of 290 probability-sampled subjects, using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), which also measures quality of life, to determine patients’ symptoms. Setting and subjects: The study was conducted at the Family Medicine Clinic, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The subjects were middle-aged and elderly men that presented with LUTS. Result: The mean age of the subjects was 62.50 ± 11.66 years. The age range was 40-100 years. The majority (39.7%) of the subjects were elderly. Bladder storage symptoms were the most experienced LUTS. The prevalence of LUTS suggestive of BPH was 72.2% using the IPSS, and 60% had an enlarged prostate that was diagnosed through a digital rectal examination. The prevalence of bothersome LUTS was 71.3%. Conclusion: Different diagnostic methods for LUTS suggestive of BPH provided different prevalence values. The findings need to be interpreted with caution, as hospital-based studies have higher prevalence values than those of population-based studies.
By submitting manuscripts to SAFP, authors of original articles are assigning copyright to the South African Academy of Family Physicians. Copyright of review articles are assigned to the Publisher, Medpharm Publications (Pty) Ltd, unless otherwise specified. Authors may use their own work after publication without written permission, provided they acknowledge the original source. Individuals and academic institutions may freely copy and distribute articles published in SAFP for educational and research purposes without obtaining permission.