Review Articles

Insomnia disorder: when sleep plays coy, aloof and disdainful

K. Outhoff
South African Family Practice | Vol 58, No 3 : May/June| a4485 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/safp.v58i3.4485 | © 2016 K. Outhoff | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 May 2016 | Published: 01 May 2016

About the author(s)

K. Outhoff, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

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Abstract

Intermittent or acute insomnia is common and may sometimes require short term treatment with approved hypnotic agents. A diagnosis of insomnia disorder, however, indicates that poor night-time sleep is chronic and is accompanied by significant impairment of daytime functioning. Although insomnia disorder often co-exists with psychiatric and medical conditions, it is viewed as an independent entity with potentially serious sequelae, requiring its own treatment, usually in the form of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), with or without pharmacotherapy.

Keywords

Insomnia; hypnotics; cognitive behavioural therapy

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