Review Articles

An update on available pain medications

Elzbieta Osuch, Andre Marais
South African Family Practice | Vol 60, No 3 : May/June| a4877 | DOI: | © 2019 Elzbieta Osuch, Andre Marais | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 October 2019 | Published: 12 July 2018

About the author(s)

Elzbieta Osuch, Sefako Makghato Health Sciences University, South Africa
Andre Marais, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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Pain is a complex interaction of sensory, emotional and behavioural factors. Chronic pain is among the most common reasons for seeking medical attention. In contrast to acute pain, where the goal is primary pain relief, the effective management of chronic pain is complex and not fully understood. Multimodal pain therapy is often required to treat chronic or persistent pain syndromes. These include pharmacological agents, physical interventions, behavioural changes and surgical approaches. Pharmacological interventions are the most widely used therapeutic options to treat acute and persistent pain.


pain; paracetamol; NSAIDs; COX-2 inhibitors; opioids; antidepressants; anticonvulsants


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