Original Research

Prevalence of overweight and obesity amongst patients with diabetes and their non-diabetic family members in Senwabarwana, Limpopo province, South Africa

Mabitsela H. Mphasha, Linda Skaal, Tebogo M. Mothiba
South African Family Practice | Vol 64, No 1 : Part 2| a5409 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/safp.v64i1.5409 | © 2022 Mabitsela H. (Pitso) Mphasha, Linda Skaal, Tebogo M. Mothiba | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 September 2021 | Published: 25 May 2022

About the author(s)

Mabitsela H. Mphasha, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Healthcare Sciences, University of Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa
Linda Skaal, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Healthcare Sciences, University of Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa
Tebogo M. Mothiba, Faculty of Healthcare Sciences, University of Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: Diabetes remains a public health concern and the second cause of mortality in South Africa. Family history of diabetes increases risk of developing diabetes. Obesity amongst patients is associated with comorbidity, whilst amongst non-diabetic family members it is associated with developing diabetes. This study aimed at determining prevalence of overweight and obesity amongst patients with diabetes and non-diabetic family members.

Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 200 patients and 200 non-diabetic family members were selected using systematic random sampling from rural clinics of Senwabarwana. Data were collected using close-ended questionnaires and anthropometric measurements. Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were measured and interpreted according to World Health Organization guidelines. Data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences, using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Chi-square test was used to calculate associations at 95% confidence interval where a p-value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Most patients (75.5%) had comorbidities and hypertension was most prevalent (89.0%). Over half of the patients (57.0%) and 38.0% of family members were obese. Most patients (75.0%) and 58.0% of family members had abdominal obesity.

Conclusion: Patients with diabetes suffer from comorbidities are overweight and obese whilst evidence from various studies suggest that non-diabetic family members are at added risk of developing diabetes because of higher BMI and abdominal obesity. There is an urgent need to create a conducive environment that discourages sedentary behaviours through lifestyle modifications using the family centred approach, and involve family members in the care of patients.


Keywords

patients with diabetes; overweight; obesity; family members; body mass index

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