Original Research

Knowledge of final year undergraduate nursing students about HIV and AIDS in Eswatini

Makhosazana C. Dlamini, Ellen M. Thobakgale, Indiran Govender
South African Family Practice | Vol 64, No 1 : Part 4| a5527 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/safp.v64i1.5527 | © 2022 Indiran Govender | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 29 March 2022 | Published: 07 September 2022

About the author(s)

Makhosazana C. Dlamini, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Care Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa
Ellen M. Thobakgale, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Care Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa
Indiran Govender, Department Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are overwhelming health issues globally. They have caused many devastating and draining health issues, which have escalated a critical need for a well-trained and sustainable healthcare workforce in order to meet the needs of people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA). Health science students are the future healthcare providers who will implement proper preventive measures, as well as health educational and promotional sessions to promote information and knowledge among the public regarding HIV and AIDS in Eswatini.

Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted on 140 final-year undergraduate nursing students in three nursing universities in Eswatini. A questionnaire adapted from Othman and Ali in Malaysia with closed-ended questions was modified and used to collect data. The questionnaire consisted of questions on the virus structure, transmission, prevention and management of HIV and AIDS. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 was utilised to analyse the data.

Results: The level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS was high, as evidenced by a mean score and standard deviation of (91.02 ± 5.00). However, there were low scores on questions related to the transmission of the disease.

Conclusion: Across all three universities in Eswatini, there were good nursing education programmes on HIV and AIDS, evidenced by the high knowledge level about HIV and AIDS. However, there are still some knowledge gaps on HIV and AIDS transmission and management that need to be attended to.

Contribution: This study contributed by providing knowledge of undergraduate nursing students’ HIV and AIDS training and management of PLWHA.

 


Keywords

undergraduate nursing students; knowledge; HIV/AIDS; people living with HIV and AIDS; Eswatini; nursing schools

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