Original Research

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of sharps waste disposal by diabetic patients in rural South Africa

Lihle Ziqubu, Dudu G. Sokhela, Sibusiso D. Gabela
South African Family Practice | Vol 65, No 1 : Part 1| a5538 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/safp.v65i1.5538 | © 2023 Lihle Ziqubu, Dudu G. Sokhela, Sibusiso D. Gabela | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 March 2022 | Published: 10 January 2023

About the author(s)

Lihle Ziqubu, Department of Community Health Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa
Dudu G. Sokhela, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa
Sibusiso D. Gabela, Department of Community Health Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Sharps waste is hazardous, and it should be disposed of in a proper manner, as it can contribute to transmission of diseases and create a negative impact on the environment. The aim of this investigation was to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding sharps waste disposal of diabetic patients who inject themselves at home in uMzinyathi District Municipality, a rural area in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Methods: A quantitative, descriptive cross-sectional study design was adopted using a self-administered questionnaire. Consecutive sampling with a sample size of 308 insulin-dependent diabetic patients from five selected health facilities of uMzinyathi District Municipality was used.

Results: The majority of respondents (62.3%) lacked knowledge regarding proper sharps waste disposal. The vast majority of respondents (90.6%) recognised that sharps waste should be separated from general waste. Among those who acknowledged that someone in their home had been injured by a needle, 53.3% stated that they were motivated to change their method of sharps waste disposal.

Conclusion: The study findings indicated that the majority of the respondents lacked knowledge regarding proper disposal of sharps waste because they were not taught proper methods of sharps waste disposal. There was a general lack of awareness on proper disposal of sharps waste by diabetic patients in the home setting. The study recommended that healthcare workers must place more emphasis on the awareness of proper sharps waste disposal in order to equip diabetic patients with relevant information regarding sharps waste disposal.


Keywords

injection in home settings; diabetic patients; knowledge and attitude; sharps waste disposal; healthcare waste management

Metrics

Total abstract views: 1632
Total article views: 1555


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.