Original Research

Interventions for Type 2 Diabetes reduction among older people living with HIV in Harare

Nongiwe L. Mhlanga, Thinavhuyo R. Netangaheni
South African Family Practice | Vol 66, No 1 : Part 2| a5827 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/safp.v66i1.5827 | © 2024 Nongiwe L. Mhlanga, Thinavhuyo R. Netangaheni | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 September 2023 | Published: 26 March 2024

About the author(s)

Nongiwe L. Mhlanga, Department of Health Studies, College of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Thinavhuyo R. Netangaheni, Department of Health Studies, College of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Interventions for Type 2 Diabetes reduction among older people aged more than 50 years living with HIV (PLWH) are pertinent as they face excess risks amid a growing population of ageing PLWH.

Aim: To describe interventions for Type 2 Diabetes reduction among older people living with HIV in Harare Urban District

Setting: The study was conducted in a low socio-economic setting from five primary health care clinics in Harare urban District.

Methods: A qualitative multi-method approach was applied using an exploratory descriptive design and an integrative review literature. The exploratory descriptive study collected data from two purposively selected samples; (1) older PLWH and (2) nurses. Whittemore and Knafl’s framework was used for the integrative literature review with articles from 2013 to 2023 selected. Data source triangulation was applied using Braun and Clark’s content analysis framework. Ethical approval was obtained (14056739_CREC_CHS_2022).

Results: 23 older PLWH with mean age, 62 years, 9 nurses with an average of 6 years’ experience and 12 articles comprised the three data sources.  Key themes that emerged were that, screening should include; assessment from a younger age; assessment of HIV and ART-specific risks; diagnostic testing of Type 2 diabetes tests at ART initiation and routinely. Health education should provide information on adequate physical activity parameters and increased consumption of fruits and vegetables. Metformin may be considered as a pharmacological intervention where lifestyle interventions fail.

Conclusion: The proposed interventions suggest measures to reduce Type 2 Diabetes and mitigate excess risks faced by older PLWH.

Contribution: Improved screening, health education and pharmacological interventions for older PLWH in primary health care settings enable Type 2 Diabetes reduction.


Keywords

reduction; type 2 diabetes; older people living with HIV; interventions; Harare Urban District

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

Metrics

Total abstract views: 570
Total article views: 412


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.